Concept and Importance of Vocational Training

T he latest development in the field of rehabilitation is vocational training and employment of each and every person with mental retardat...

The latest development in the field of rehabilitation is vocational training and employment of each and every person with mental retardation. It is the right to undergo vocational training to earn a living. This is an interesting shift from traditional one, now they are not only engaged in meaningful activity but also they are the participatory members of the community. As you read the following you will come through the historical aspect of vocational training. You will also come through various limitations of earlier vocational training centers. This will be followed by the overview of concepts of vocational training.

Concept of Vocational Training

           Vocational Training of person with mental retardation does not confine with just extending the skill training for enabling a person to enter into a vocation. It begins with an elaborate evaluation in terms of the individual, family and the community to assess the strengths and weakness in the respective areas. This is followed by a job survey in the community where the person with mental retardation come.

           The training aim at identifying various jobs, which have commercial value, being carried out in the community.     This will also assess the locations by projecting the profile of the place interms of the most and least transacted activities, the geographical nature of the location, prominent and influencial persons in the locations, the social workers and the policy makers from the location. The job survey is expected to identify suitable work available in the community that can be performed by the person with mental retardation; it would also look into the factors like the distance from residents of person with mental retardation to that of the work place identified. This followed by a job analysis of the job by identifying the core work area, episodic work, work behaviour and work related skills.

              Job analysis is a process, which involves proper matching of the skills and assets of the persons with mental retardation. Once this job analysis is carried out, the next stage in the vocational training is the job negotiation. Here the good will and the influence of the family and the community members are utilized to negotiate with the employer for placement. The importance of this task is to project the positive qualities like the strength, assets and the compatibility of the person with mental retardation for the job rather than pleading for sympathy and charity. The methods of vocational training are planned only after the successful job negotiation with the employer. The training models most suited in this context are on-the-job placement  [ place/ train/ follow up ] and stimulated training        [ train/place/follow up ] . Other models of placement available for persons with mental retardation are as follows.

          Once decisions regarding job experience target skills for and instructional settings have been made and a systematic assessment of an individual trainees skills in relation to job requirement has been conducted, instruction can be initiated. Trainers should not expect trainees to acquire skills through exposure alone. Skills required to perform successfully on a job must be systematically taught to ensure that the trainee acquires and adequately performs those job skills.

                        As with specific assessment procedures, training procedures should be delineated prior to initiating training and should be consistent within and across trainers. If task analysis of job skill have been developed for assessment, they should also be used for training. In addition, task analysis should be individualized to accommodate individual trainees strengths and weakness, rate of learning and need for adaptive devices or task restructuring.


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Children With Special Needs: Concept and Importance of Vocational Training
Concept and Importance of Vocational Training
Children With Special Needs
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